A great "six-footed" fellow--Joseph Gillespie, "Recollections of Early Illinois and Her Noted Men," Fergus Historical Series, no. 13, Chicago, 1880, p. 10. Back

In September 1823--Edward Coles to Rebecca E. Coles, Sept. 6, 1823, Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Back

That contracted, withering policy--Republican Advocate, April 13, 1824. Back

Without slave labor--Republican Advocate, June 5, 1823. The revenue to the State from the salines is given at $10,000 per year. Back

The anti-conventionists argued--Illinois Gazette, July 26, 1823, letter by Morris Birkbeck writing as "Jonathan Freeman." Back

if you had the piety--Illinois Intelligencer, March 29, 1823. Back

Who can doubt--Illinois Intelligencer, July 5, 1823. The quote from the editor of the Louisville Public Advertiser is from the same article. "Jonathan Freeman's" letter to the Illinois Gazette, June 21, 1823, contains an argument similar to the one ascribed here to an anti-conventionist. Back

Of one thing I am certain--Thomas Jefferson to John Holmes, April 22, 1820, The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Collected and edited by Paul Leicester Ford, Federal Edition, New York and London, 1904--5, vol. 12, pp. 158-160. Back

he writes to Lafayette--Thomas Jefferson to the Marquis de Lafayette, Dec. 26, 1820, Ibid., pp. 189-191. Back

The friends of a convention--Illinois Gazette, Jan. 10, 1824. Back

The only question--Illinois Intelligencer, Jan. 30, 1824. Back

The conventionist plan--Illinois Intelligencer, Dec. 4, 1822. Back

A population consisting of free negroes--Illinois Intelligencer, July 5, 1823. Back

Let those who dislike free negroes--Illinois Intelligencer, July 16, 1824. Back

And a conventionist writes--Republican Advocate, Aug. 7, 1823. Back

Another conventionist writes--Republican Advocate, June 15, 1824. Back

let us . . . carry ourselves forward--Republican Advocate, June 19, 1823, article by "Martus." Back

"Address to the People"--Illinois Intelligencer, March 8, 1823. Back

When the day--Republican Advocate, May 29, 1823. Back

One was with the Council of Revision--Republican Advocate, June 5, 1823. Back

the legislature met every two years--Republican Advocate, June 22, 1824. Back

the conventionists hinted--Republican Advocate, July 13, 1824. Back

The organization of county commissioners' courts--Republican Advocate, June 5, 1823. Back

The constitution failed to limit--Republican Advocate, June 5, 1823. See the Illinois Intelligencer, June 11, 1824, for an anti-conventionist answer to this complaint. Back

In December 1823--Illinois Intelligencer, Dec. 6, 1823. Back

The following resolutions--Republican Advocate, Feb. 24, 1824. Back

The anti-conventionists had complained bitterly--Republican Advocate, June 5, 1823, article by "Martus." Back

We have heard--Republican Advocate, March 9, 1824. Back

the chortles in the conventionist press--Republican Advocate, Feb. 24, March 9, March 16, April 6, and May 11, 1824. Back

Then what signifies the vaunting promises--Illinois Intelligencer, June 4, 1824, editorial. Back

got support from both sides--The Illinois Gazette reports a dinner for Cook hosted by conventionists. See also editorials in the Gazette for July 17, July 31, and Aug. 7, 1824. Back

The leadership of the conventionist cause--Frank A. Stevens, "Alexander Pope Field," Illinois State Historical Society Journal, vol. 14 (1911) 7-37; J. F. Snyder, "Forgotten Statesmen of Illinois: Richard M. Young," Illinois State Historical Library Publications, no. 11, 1906, pp. 302-327; Henry Barrett Chamberlin, "Elias Kent Kane," Illinois State Historical Society Transactions, no. 13, 1908, pp. 162-170; Barbara Burr Hubbs, "Elias Kent Kane," in Idols of Egypt, ed. Will Griffith, Carbondale, 1997, pp. 79-92; J. H. Burnham, "U.S. Senator John McLean," Illinois State Historical Library Publications, no. 8, pp. 190-201; John Reynolds, My Own Times, Chicago, 1879; and Jessie McHarry, "John Reynolds," Illinois State Historical Society Journal, vol. 6 (April 1913) 7-57. Back

the leaders of the anti-conventionists--Merton L. Dillon, in "Sources of Early Antislavery Thought in Illinois" (Illinois State Historical Society Journal, vol. 50 (1957) 36-50) divides Illinois abolitionists into preachers and rationalists, seeing the anti-convention campaign as a union of the two separate strains. See also Charles H. Rammelkamp, "Thomas Lippincott, a Pioneer of 1818 and His Diary," Illinois State Historical Society Journal, vol. 10 (1917-1918) 237-255. Back

Edward Coles

Chapter 22